A Necklace from Kish, Iraq.
“Kish East, Mound A, Burial A51
Lapis lazuli, carnelian, stone
Field Museum 228533
Jewelry made of brightly colored exotic stone attests to the wealth of many of the individuals buried in the Kish cemeteries. Since these materials were not available in southern Mesopotamia, they had to be imported via trade networks that extended over considerable distances. Lapis lazuli, prized for its deep blue color, most likely came from northern Afghanistan while red carnelian came from Iran or, in some instances, from as far as the Indus Valley. Most of the stones were imported in unworked form, but the carnelian beads etched with white were made in the Indus Valley and brought to Mesopotamia from there.
© The Field Museum and the Ashmolean Museum,
Joint Oxford-Field Museum Expedition.”